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Statistical Evaluations for Public Experiment #1

Here are three test procedures that evaluate the remote-viewing session with the target data. All of these tests utilize Farsight's Session Analysis Machine (SAM). Click on the test names to get an explanation of each test.

The analyses below are for:
Viewer: Courtney Brown
Session: Session #1 (second half)

TEST #1: Comparing the Remote-viewing session Data with the Target Attributes (Click for explanation)

The session data are: Session/Target Matches:
surface: surface match
surface: level topology match
water: water match
structure(s) materials: manmade materials match
structure(s) general location: on/in water
structure(s) general location: not located on a surface match
subject(s): subject(s) match
subject(s): one/few match
subject(s): many/crowd match
nonsurface structure(s): nonsurface structures match
nonsurface structure(s): one match
nonsurface structure(s): subjects inside match
nonsurface structure(s): noticeable relative movement match
light: bright
environment: distant or no base surface match
energetics: explosive, swirling, or multi-directional movement match
energetics: kinetic (fast or slow, one direction) match
activity: activity or movement by object(s) match
temperatures: cold
dominant session elements: structure(s) not on a surface match
dominant session elements: movement/activity/energetics match
sketches: structure(s) match
sketches: structure(s) not on a surface match
sketches: extensive water match


The target attributes not perceived are:
Missed Target Attributes:
atmospherics: manmade smells
atmospherics: smoke or burning (natural or manmade)
atmospherics: cloud dynamics
subject(s): male
subject(s): female
nonsurface structure(s): emitting energetics
light: glow
energetics: fire or heat
activity: activity or movement by subject(s)
sounds: talking, shouting, voices
sounds: booming or roaring
sounds: wind-type sounds
sounds: loud
temperatures: hot
sketches: subject(s)
sketches: subject(s) in a structure
sketches: horizontal base surface
sketches: radiating or explosive energetics


The total matches between the session and the target are: 21
The total number of target attributes not perceived: 18
The total number of session entries is: 24
The total number of target entries is: 39
A. The total matches between the session and the target as a proportion of the total number of target attributes are: 0.538
B. The total matches between the session and the target as a proportion of the total number of session entries are: 0.875
General session/target correspondence (the average of A and B above): 0.707
The normal chi-square value with 1 degree of freedom testing the fit of the session to the target based on the table below is: 27.581
The alternative chi-square value with 1 degree of freedom based on only the distribution of chosen session attributes (the top row of the table below) is: 20.463
The correlation between this session's data and the target attributes is: POSITIVE
NOTE: The chi-square value does not take into account the direction of the relationship between the session data and target attributes. The chi-square value is a useful measure ONLY if there is a positive correlation between the target's attributes and the session's SAM entries. (That is, there needs to be a reasonably high number of target and session matches.)

Target 0: Target 1:
Session 1: 3 21
Session 0: 51 18


Chi-square Values: Significance Level:
3.84 0.05
5.02 0.025
6.63 0.010
7.88 0.005
10.8 0.001


INTERPRETATION OF THE CHI-SQUARE STATISTIC
1. If the value of the chi-square statistic is equal to or greater than the chi-square value for a desired significance level in the table above, and if the correlation between the session data and the target attributes is positive, then the session's data are statistically significant descriptors of the target.
2. If the value of the chi-square statistic is less than the chi-square value for a desired significance level, then the remote-viewing data for the session are not statistically significant. This normally means that there are decoding errors in the data.
3. If the value of the chi-square statistic is equal to or greater than the chi-square value for a desired significance level but the correlation between the session data and target attributes is negative, then the session either has major decoding errors, or there may be conscious-mind intervention and/or invention in the data gathering process.

HEURISTIC COMPARISON: Comparing the Session with a Target with Randomly Chosen Attributes
The total matches between the session and a target with randomly chosen attributes are: 12
The total number of session data entries is: 24
The total number of target attribute entries is: 39
The total matches between the session and the target as a proportion of the total number of target entries are: 0.308
The total matches between the session and the target as a proportion of the total number of session entries are: 0.5
The normal chi-square value with 1 degree of freedom testing the fit of the session to the target based on the table below is: 0.864
The alternative chi-square value with 1 degree of freedom based on only the distribution of chosen session attributes is: 0.641

TEST #2: THE RUSSELL PROCEDURE (Click for explanation)

Part I.
The expected mean number of chance matches for this session is: 10.065
The standard deviation (hypergeometric distribution) for this mean is: 2.094
The 90% confidence interval for this is: [6.621, 13.508]
The 95% confidence interval for this is: [5.961, 14.168]
The 98% confidence interval for this is: [5.197, 14.932]
The unweighted (actual) number of matches between the session and the target are: 21
The weighted number of matches between the session and the target are: 56.137
INTERPRETATION: If the unweighted and/or weighted number of matches between the session and the target are outside of (that is, greater than) the desired confidence interval, then the number of matches obtained in the session was not by chance.

Part II.
IF THE SESSION DATA WERE RANDOM, HOW MANY SAM ENTRIES WOULD BE NEEDED TO DESCRIBE THE TARGET AS COMPLETELY AS IS DONE BY THE ACTUAL SESSION?
From 1000 Monte Carlo samples:
The mean number of random session pseudo SAM entries that are needed to achieve 21 matches with the target is: 49.457
The standard deviation is: 5.550
Lowest number of pseudo attributes from sample = 33
Highest number of pseudo attributes from sample = 65
The 90% confidence interval for this is: [40.327, 58.587]
The 95% confidence interval for this is: [38.579, 60.335]
The 98% confidence interval for this is: [36.553, 62.361]
Compare these intervals with the actual number of session entries: 24
INTERPRETATION: If the actual number of session SAM entries is outside of (that is, less than) the desired confidence interval, then the number of entries utilized by the remote viewer to obtain the number of matches between the session and the target was not by chance.

TEST #3: CORRESPONDENCE and CORRELATION (Click for explanation)

PART I.
The correspondence data in the table immediately below are computed using the targets from the public demonstration only. The "Session/Target" correspondence numbers are calculated between the remote-viewing session for this experiment and all of the targets used in the public demonstration. The "Target/Target" correspondence numbers are calculated between the real target for this experiment and all of the other targets in the public demonstration pool.

 

Experiment
Number:
Session/Target
Correspondence:
Target/Target
Correspondence:
Experiment #1 0.707 1.0
Experiment #3 0.288 0.392
Experiment #4 0.360 0.544
Experiment #5 0.295 0.569
Experiment #6 0.340 0.520
Experiment #7 0.363 0.550
Experiment #8 0.515 0.632
Experiment #9 0.197 0.219
Experiment #10 0.263 0.354
Experiment #11 0.667 0.684
Experiment #12 0.557 0.495
Experiment #14 0.359 0.570
Experiment #15 0.422 0.562


The correlation coefficient is: 0.767 with an N of 13
 INTERPRETATION: All targets have a variety of descriptive characteristics. When comparing one target with another, both similarities and differences will be found between the two. The correspondence numbers are one measure of the degree of similarity between any two sets of SAM data, and these numbers can be used to compare one target with another target, or a remote-viewing session with a target. The closer a remote-viewing session is to describing all of a target's characteristics, the higher will be the correspondence number between the session and the target. Since a pool of targets normally contains targets with a great variety of descriptive characteristics, comparing correspondence numbers for the remote-viewing session and its target across a variety of other targets tests how closely the session describes all of the essential characteristics of its real target. When compared with other targets with many different characteristics, both the remote-viewing session and its real target should have correspondence numbers that vary similarly. The correlation coefficient summarizes this relationship. The correlation coefficient can vary between -1 and 1. The closer its value is to 1, the more closely the remote-viewing session describes its real target's various characteristics.

PART II.
The correlation coefficient is computed as in Part I above, but now using a large (240) pool of SAM targets.

The correlation coefficient is: 0.900 with an N of 240
The lowest correspondence number for the session and pool is: 0.085
The highest correspondence number for the session and pool is: 0.622
The lowest correspondence number for the target and pool is: 0.037
The highest correspondence number for the target and pool is: 0.855
INTERPRETATION: Similarly as with Part I above. The closer the value of the correlation coefficient is to 1, the more closely the remote-viewing session describes its real target's various characteristics.