Statistical Evaluations for
Public Experiment #5
Here are three test procedures that evaluate
the remoteviewing session with the target data. All of these
tests utilize Farsight's Session
Analysis Machine (SAM). Click on the test names to get an
explanation of each test.
The analyses below are for:
Viewer: Courtney Brown
Session: Session #1
TEST
#1: Comparing the Remoteviewing session Data with the Target
Attributes (Click for explanation)
The session data are: 
Session/Target Matches: 
surface: surface 
match 
surface: irregular topology 

land: land 
match 
land: natural 

land: irregular topology 

land: steep peaks 

atmospherics: smoke or burning (natural or manmade) 
match 
natural object(s): natural object(s) 

natural object(s): on a surface 

subject(s): subject(s) 
match 
subject(s): male 
match 
subject(s): female 
match 
subject(s): one/few 
match 
mountain: mountain(s) 

mountain: one 

nonsurface structure(s): nonsurface structures 

nonsurface structure(s): one 

nonsurface structure(s): subjects inside 

light: bright 

environment: natural 

environment: distant or no base surface 

energetics: kinetic (fast or slow, one direction) 

energetics: fire or heat 
match 
activity: activity or movement by object(s) 
match 
sounds: talking, shouting, voices 
match 
temperatures: cold 

dominant session elements: structure(s) not on a surface 

sketches: structure(s) not on a surface 

sketches: natural object on a surface 

sketches: subject(s) 
match 
sketches: sloping or peaking base surface(s) 

sketches: significant motion of primary object(s) 

The target attributes not perceived are:
Missed Target Attributes: 
surface: level topology 
land: manmade 
land: level topology 
water: water 
water: land/water interface 
atmospherics: manmade smells 
atmospherics: cloud dynamics 
surface structure(s): surface structure(s) 
surface structure(s): one 
surface structure(s): multiple 
surface structure(s): city 
surface structure(s): subjects inside 
surface structure(s): subjects on base surface outside 
structure(s) materials: natural materials 
structure(s) materials: manmade materials 
structure(s) general location: on land 
structure(s) general location: on a flat surface 
subject(s): many/crowd 
subject(s): focused gathering 
light: glow 
environment: urban 
environment: harsh manmade 
activity: activity or movement by subject(s) 
sounds: loud 
temperatures: hot 
dominant session elements: structure(s) on a surface 
sketches: structure(s) 
sketches: structure(s) on a surface 
sketches: subject(s) in a structure 
sketches: subject(s) on an outside base surface 
sketches: horizontal base surface 
The total matches between the session and the target are: 11
The total number of target attributes not perceived: 31
The total number of session entries is: 32
The total number of target entries is: 42
A. The total matches between the session and the target as a
proportion of the total number of target attributes are: 0.262
B. The total matches between the session and the target as a
proportion of the total number of session entries are: 0.344
General session/target correspondence (the average of A and B
above): 0.303
The normal chisquare value with 1 degree of freedom testing
the fit of the session to the target based on the table below
is: 2.292
The alternative chisquare value with 1 degree of freedom based
on only the distribution of chosen session attributes (the top
row of the table below) is: 1.503
The correlation between this session's data and the target attributes
is: NEGATIVE
NOTE: The chisquare value does not take into account the direction
of the relationship between the session data and target attributes.
The chisquare value is a useful measure ONLY if there is a positive
correlation between the target's attributes and the session's
SAM entries. (That is, there needs to be a reasonably high number
of target and session matches.)

Target 0: 
Target 1: 
Session 1: 
21 
11 
Session 0: 
30 
31 
Chisquare Values: 
Significance Level: 
3.84 
0.05 
5.02 
0.025 
6.63 
0.010 
7.88 
0.005 
10.8 
0.001 
INTERPRETATION OF THE CHISQUARE STATISTIC
1. If the value of the chisquare statistic is equal to or greater
than the chisquare value for a desired significance level in
the table above, and if the correlation between the session data
and the target attributes is positive, then the session's data
are statistically significant descriptors of the target.
2. If the value of the chisquare statistic is less than the
chisquare value for a desired significance level, then the remoteviewing data for the session are not statistically significant.
This normally means that there are decoding errors in the data.
3. If the value of the chisquare statistic is equal to or greater
than the chisquare value for a desired significance level but
the correlation between the session data and target attributes
is negative, then the session either has major decoding errors,
or there may be consciousmind intervention and/or invention
in the data gathering process.
HEURISTIC COMPARISON: Comparing the Session with a Target with
Randomly Chosen Attributes
The total matches between the session and a target with randomly
chosen attributes are: 15
The total number of session data entries is: 32
The total number of target attribute entries is: 42
The total matches between the session and the target as a proportion
of the total number of target entries are: 0.357
The total matches between the session and the target as a proportion
of the total number of session entries are: 0.469
The normal chisquare value with 1 degree of freedom testing
the fit of the session to the target based on the table below
is: 0.0579
The alternative chisquare value with 1 degree of freedom based
on only the distribution of chosen session attributes is: 0.0379
TEST
#2: THE RUSSELL PROCEDURE (Click for explanation)
Part I.
The expected mean number of chance matches for this session is:
14.452
The standard deviation (hypergeometric distribution) for this
mean is: 2.292
The 90% confidence interval for this is: [10.681, 18.222]
The 95% confidence interval for this is: [9.959, 18.945]
The 98% confidence interval for this is: [9.122, 19.781]
The unweighted (actual) number of matches between the session
and the target are: 11
The weighted number of matches between the session and the target
are: 15.024
INTERPRETATION: If the unweighted and/or weighted number of matches
between the session and the target are outside of (that is, greater
than) the desired confidence interval, then the number of matches
obtained in the session was not by chance.
Part II.
IF THE SESSION DATA WERE RANDOM, HOW MANY SAM ENTRIES WOULD BE
NEEDED TO DESCRIBE THE TARGET AS COMPLETELY AS IS DONE BY THE
ACTUAL SESSION?
From 1000 Monte Carlo samples:
The mean number of random session pseudo SAM entries that are
needed to achieve 11 matches with the target is: 24.164
The standard deviation is: 4.501
Lowest number of pseudo attributes from sample = 13
Highest number of pseudo attributes from sample = 38
The 90% confidence interval for this is: [16.760, 31.568]
The 95% confidence interval for this is: [15.342, 32.986]
The 98% confidence interval for this is: [13.699, 34.629]
Compare these intervals with the actual number of session entries:
32
INTERPRETATION: If the actual number of session SAM entries is
outside of (that is, less than) the desired confidence interval,
then the number of entries utilized by the remote viewer
to obtain the number of matches between the session and the target
was not by chance.
TEST
#3: CORRESPONDENCE and CORRELATION (Click for explanation)
PART I.
The correspondence data in the table immediately below are computed
using the targets from the public demonstration only. The "Session/Target"
correspondence numbers are calculated between the remoteviewing session for this experiment and all of the targets used in the
public demonstration. The "Target/Target" correspondence
numbers are calculated between the real target for this experiment
and all of the other targets in the public demonstration pool.
Experiment
Number: 
Session/Target
Correspondence: 
Target/Target
Correspondence: 
Experiment #1 
0.484 
0.569 
Experiment #3 
0.277 
0.839 
Experiment #4 
0.385 
0.714 
Experiment #5 
0.303 
1.0 
Experiment #6 
0.317 
0.827 
Experiment #7 
0.334 
0.868 
Experiment #8 
0.350 
0.661 
Experiment #9 
0.683 
0.243 
Experiment #10 
0.258 
0.8 
Experiment #11 
0.394 
0.586 
Experiment #12 
0.771 
0.333 
Experiment #14 
0.544 
0.777 
Experiment #15 
0.300 
0.871 
The correlation coefficient is: 0.790 with an N of 13
INTERPRETATION: All targets have a variety of descriptive characteristics.
When comparing one target with another, both similarities and
differences will be found between the two. The correspondence
numbers are one measure of the degree of similarity between any
two sets of SAM data, and these numbers can be used to compare
one target with another target, or a remoteviewing session with
a target. The closer a remoteviewing session is to describing
all of a target's characteristics, the higher will be the correspondence
number between the session and the target. Since a pool of targets
normally contains targets with a great variety of descriptive
characteristics, comparing correspondence numbers for the remoteviewing session and its target across a variety of other targets
tests how closely the session describes all of the essential
characteristics of its real target. When compared with other
targets with many different characteristics, both the remoteviewing session and its real target should have correspondence
numbers that vary similarly. The correlation coefficient summarizes
this relationship. The correlation coefficient can vary between
1 and 1. The closer its value is to 1, the more closely the
remoteviewing session describes its real target's various characteristics.
PART II.
The correlation coefficient is computed as in Part I above, but
now using a large (240) pool of SAM targets.
The correlation coefficient is: 0.853 with
an N of 240
The lowest correspondence number for the session and pool is:
0.192
The highest correspondence number for the session and pool is:
0.651
The lowest correspondence number for the target and pool is:
0.069
The highest correspondence number for the target and pool is:
0.915
INTERPRETATION: Similarly as with Part I above. The closer the
value of the correlation coefficient is to 1, the more closely
the remoteviewing session describes its real target's various
characteristics.
